# Curriculum - Overview

**Phonics Mastery **

**Elementary School**

Tambearly works with the “Explode the Code” series- a time-tested and highly effective approach to teaching phonics. The first three books of the Explode the Code series, - Books A, B and C – focus on visual identification of consonants, their written lower case forms, and their sound-symbol relationships. Activities also reinforce left to right directionality, vocabulary, listening, and following instructions in a variety of interesting and engaging ways.

As the students move through the series, they progress through the vowel sounds and patterns, consonant clusters and diagraphs, syllables, and suffixes.

Systematic phonics instruction is proved to enhance children’s ability to read, spell and comprehend texts particularly in the younger grades.

**English**

**Grades 6-8**

The English Language Arts curriculum in grades 6-8 is a text-based analysis mix of literature, non-fiction, and creative endeavor. There is a strong focus on comparing pieces of text to one another to give students critical skills that will let them discern the accuracy of a text by focusing on writer’s craft, context, reliability, and alternative viewpoints. We reinforce reading skills through a variety of texts that students will need to understand for their futures, academic and beyond. Authors of focus include Ray Bradbury, Sherwood Anderson, Ernest Hemingway, Scott O’Dell, Rudyard Kipling, Emily Dickinson, Langston Hughes, Alfred Noyes, Lois Lowry, C.S. Lewis, Gary Paulsen, Gary Soto, and Sandra Cisneros. We move beyond the textbook and into real life by analyzing stories, movie clips, poetry, music, and images, both still and animated. Students build their writing skills through essay writing (narrative, informative and argumentative), evidence-based responses, poetry practice, and creative prompts. In addition, students practice oral communication skills through formal and informal class presentations. We also practice necessary skills including grammar, spelling, and vocabulary.

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Grades 9-12 at Tambearly are spent exploring the rich and diverse literary forms of the world as well as developing language skills alongside grammatical knowledge and creative writing techniques.

**Grade 9**

The focus is on American literature. In conjunction with the Social Studies course on U.S. history, the texts studied in 9th grade reflect key themes of North America. Authors typically studied represent the wonderful diversity of American heritage and expression: Nathaniel Hawthorne, Frederick Douglass, Ben Franklin, James Fenimore Cooper, Sinclair Lewis, Harper Lee, Amy Tan, Ernest Hemingway. In the world of poetry, Robert Frost, Martin Luther King, Maya Angelou and Langston Hughes are read in depth.

**UPDATE **

So far the class has read *The Scarlet Letter *(Hawthorne), *The Old Man and the Sea* (Hemingway), *Fish Cheeks *(Tan), and *To Kill a Mockingbird* (Lee). *The House of **Dies Drear* by Virginia Hamilton was added to the list, and has been read, as it tied in with themes discussed in U.S. History relating to the North/South division and the Underground Railroad. Consequently, the writings of Ben Franklin and Frederick Douglass will be examined at a later time or in U.S. History class. The oral presentations on various Native American tribes have been completed in U.S. History, so the class will soon be ready to read Fenimore Cooper’s works on the clash of settler and Indian. Sinclair Lewis’ depiction of modern, urban America will come at the end of the year. The poetry of Langston Hughes has been read, and discussed, while Maya Angelou, Martin Luther King and Robert Frost are still to come.

This class is on target to complete its reading list before the end of the school year, and for each student to have practiced at least two AP-style literary essays before the end of the school year.

**Grade 10**

The focus is on Caribbean literature. In conjunction with the Social Studies course on Caribbean history, the texts studied in 10th grade reflect key themes of the Caribbean and its diaspora. Local Bahamian authors such as Ernestia Fraser and Wendy Coakley-Thompson are read and some local authors come to class to talk about the Bahamas as part of the Caribbean literary community. Students of Spanish will be expected to read, explain and critique poetry from Cuba, Puerto Rico or the Dominican Republic and field questions in both English and Spanish on their presentations. This exposition of language and literary skills will be filmed and form part of the student’s e-portfolio. Similarly, students of French will be expected to do the same, in French, regarding poetry from Martinique, Guadeloupe or Haiti. Featured authors include Aime Cesaire (Martinique), Nicolas Guillen (Cuba), V.S. Naipaul (Trinidad), Marlon James (Jamaica), Paule Marshall (Barbados) and Sainte-John Perse (Guadeloupe). Language and proofreading skills are developed further. SAT and PSAT preparation is also a focus of the year’s objectives.

**Grade 11**

British and Commonwealth literature is the focus of the year. Shakespeare reappears, following his introduction into the curriculum in 8th grade, the Victorian novelists and poets are examined, as are Nobel Prize Winners such as Graham Greene and William Golding. The comedy of Irish playwright, Oscar Wilde, is studied as a template for students to create their own humorous, on-stage productions. Commonwealth literature looks at some Ghanaian and South African authors and compares themes and main ideas with those of Caribbean writers. This course dovetails with the Social Studies course on British and Commonwealth history and is an essential foundation for students aspiring to tackle the World History exam in 12th grade. SAT and PSAT candidates will devote some time to preparation for these important exams at the end of 11th grade.

**Grade 12**

World Literature in Translation comes to the fore in the final year. Russian novelists such as Dostoyevsky and Tolstoy come under scrutiny. The French existentialists are analyzed and the magical realism of Latin America is researched. Some of the writings of Arabia, India and the Far East will also be considered, to tie in with the 12th grade Social Studies component of world religions. Completion of the 12th grade will equip all students for a successful college career in the fields of language, literature and composition.

**Math **

**Grade 9 **

Algebra

* The learner will be able to explore the concepts involving a quadratic function and its graph and solve problems involving quadratic functions and equations.

* The learner will be able to solve equations involving rational expressions.

* The learner will be able to simplify expressions with rational exponents and solve problems involving them.

* The learner will be able to solve equations with radicals.

Geometry

* The learner will be able to use fundamental theorems of proportionality.

* The learner will be able to prove and use concepts on triangle similarity.

* The learner will be able to prove and use theorems involving quadrilaterals.

Patterns and Algebra (Trigonometry)

* The learner will be able to understand the basic concepts of trigonometry and to explore the concepts of trigonometric ratios (sine, cosine, tangent, secant, cosecant and cotangent).

Basic Calculus

* The learner will be able to understand the concepts of function, limits and continuity.

* The learner will be able to understand differentiation rules, application to graphing, rates, approximations, and extremum problems.

* The learner will be able to sketch the graph of a function using asymptotes, critical points, the derivative test for increasing/decreasing functions, and concavity.

**UPDATE**

We started Grade 9 math with focusing on algebra foundations. We classified real numbers and discussed the subset of real numbers and their relationship. We made sure that all students have a fundamental understanding of variables and expressions. The students learnt that variables can take on many different values, while a constant has a single value. After that we simplified exponential and algebraic expressions. We discussed base, power, and exponents. Another focus in our math class was to apply the order of operations to numeric and algebraic expressions with symbols of conclusions. In October 2016 we focused on unit analysis. The students learned that unit analysis is a process of converting measures into different units. We ended the first term last year with probability by using experiments and simulations. The focus for the second term was on equations and functions. The students learned to solve one-step, two-step and multi-step equations involving rational expressions, decimal and literal equations and variables on both sides. All students understood that it is necessary to use inverse operations when an equation has two or more operations. We analyzed and compared statistical graphs. The students interpreted various data displays, including double-bar graphs, stem-and-leaf plots, double-line graphs, and circle graphs. Besides they learnt how to identify misleading representations of data. After learning how to analyze statistical graphs, the students learned how to graph functions, how to determine if a relation is a function and to name the domain and range of a function.

For the third term of this school year we will continue to focus on equations. In addition we integrate the concepts of polynomials and inequalities. By the end of the school year we will learn more about geometry and the basic concepts of trigonometry.

**Grade 10**

Geometry

* The learner will be able to find parts of a circle and solve problems involving the circle and its part.

* The learner will be able to explore geometric figures on the rectangular coordinate plane Patterns and Algebra

* The learner will be able to understand sequences and polynomial functions.

Statistics and Probability

* The learner will be able to describe a set of data using measures of position.

* The learner will be able to count occurrences of an event and arrangements using the fundamental counting principle, permutations and combinations.

* The learner will be able to find the probability of compound events.

Advanced Calculus I

* The learner will be able to understand definite and indefinite integration.

* The learner will be able to evaluate integrals both by using Riemann sums and by using the fundamental theorem of calculus

* The learner will be able to understand applications to geometry: Area, volume, and arc length.

**Grade 11**

Functions and their graphs

* The learner will be able to accurately construct mathematical models to represent real-life situations using functions.

* The learner will be able to accurately formulate and solve real-life problems involving rational functions.

* The learner will be able to apply the concepts of inverse functions, exponential functions, and logarithmic functions to formulate and solve real-life problems with precision and accuracy.

Basic Business Mathematics

* The learner will be able to investigate, analyze and solve problems involving simple and compound interests and simple and general annuities using appropriate business and financial instruments.

* The learner will be able to use appropriate financial instruments involving stocks and bonds in formulating conclusions and making decisions.

* The learner will be able to decide wisely on the appropriateness of business or consumer loan and its proper utilization.

Logic

* The learner will be able to judiciously apply logic in real-life arguments.

* The learner will be able to understand the key concepts of propositional logic; syllogisms and fallacies.

* The learner will be able to understand key methods of proof and disproof.

Advanced Calculus II

* The learner will be able to understand applications to Science: Average values, work, and probability.

* The learner will be able to understand techniques of integration.

* The learner will be able to understand the approximation of definite integrals, improper integrals, and L'Hôspital's rule.

**Grade 12**

Statistics and Probability

* The learner will demonstrate understanding of key concepts of random variables and probability distributions.

* The learner will demonstrate understanding of key concepts of normal probability distribution.

* The learner will demonstrate understanding of key concepts of sampling and sampling distributions of the sample mean.

* The learner will demonstrate understanding of key concepts of estimation of population mean and population proportion.

* The learner will be able to perform appropriate tests of hypotheses involving the population mean and population proportion to make inferences in real-life problems in different disciplines.

* The learner will demonstrate understanding of key concepts of correlation and regression analyses.

Sequences and series

* The learner will be able to understand and solve arithmetic sequences, geometric sequences, series, finite arithmetic series, finite geometric series and infinite series.

Functions

* The learner will be able to understand revision, functions and relations, inverse functions, linear functions, quadratic functions and exponential functions.

Finance

* The learner will be able to understand calculating the period of an investment, annuities, future value annuities, present value annuities, analysing investment and loan options.

Trigonometry

* The learner will be able revision, compound angle identities, double angle identities, solving equations and applications of trigonometric functions.

Polynomials

* The learner will be able to understand revision, cubic polynomials, remainder theorem, factor theorem and solving cubic equations.

Euclidean geometry

* The learner will be able to understand ratio and proportion, polygons, triangles, similarity and pythagorean theorem.

Statistics and Probability

* The learner will be able to understand curve fitting, correlation, the fundamental counting principle, factorial notation, application to counting problems and application to probability problems.

Calculus Exam Preparation

* The material will include all of the topics covered from grade 9 to grade 10. It includes the study and application of differentiation and integration, and graphical analysis including limits, asymptotes, and continuity.

* The material will include as well convergence tests for series, taylor series, the use of parametric equations, polar functions, including arc length in polar coordinates, calculating curve length in parametric and function equations, L'Hôpital's rule, integration by parts, improper integrals, differential equations for logistic growth, and using partial fractions to integrate rational functions.

**Latin**

**Grade 9**

Students continue with the Cambridge Latin Course with two classes a week throughout the school year. Increasing our vocabulary leads to the opportunity of acquiring more developed insight into complex texts. The subjunctive mood is explored and in our cultural studies we examine life as a Christian in the Roman Empire and consider why the Roman Army became invincible.

**Grade 10**

Latin expands to three classes a week so by the end of the academic year, successful students have earned their one course credit in Latin. The future and conditional tenses are mastered, Latin dictation is developed and the etymology of English words that come from Latin is the focus for enhancing SAT and PSAT skills.

**Grade 11 & 12**

Tambearly High School’s graduation requirement for Latin will be met by completion of the 10th grade course. However, if there are any aspiring students who decide to attempt the Latin AP exam, opportunities for further study of original Latin writers, such as Horace and Vergil, will be made available.

**Social Studies **

**Grade 9**

American history and American geography are studied in conjunction with the American literature presented in the 9th grade English class. The colonial period, the clash of settler and Native American, Revolution, the Civil War, industrialization, Civil Rights and American involvement overseas are considered from all angles. In-class debates will focus the minds on the rights and wrongs of American society through the ages. Basic geographical knowledge will be acquired through the study of maps, charts and graphs. The aim is for our Bahamian students to match, or surpass, their American contemporaries in knowledge of U.S. history and geography.

**Grade 10**

In tandem with the English course on Caribbean literature, 10th grade social studies explores the history, geography and economic development of the Caribbean. British, French, Spanish, Dutch, African and American influences are debated when the class considers how the Caribbean came into being. Why does one of the poorest countries on the planet (Haiti) lie just across the water from the country with the third highest GDP in North America (Bahamas)? Why does a country with a Soviet style command economy (Cuba) lie just across the water from a global headquarters of off-shore banking (Cayman Islands)? 10th grade students will be able to explain these apparent contradictions on completing their social studies course this year.

**Grade 11**

The British and Commonwealth literature class goes hand in hand with the 11th grade social studies class as we examine common bonds and stark contrasts between the English-speaking peoples of the world. The British Empire and its demise, the histories and cultures of Canada, New Zealand and Australia are researched. British and African traditions are analyzed as the class tries to explain how democracy and dictatorship both flourished after independence from the U.K.

**Grade 12**

Success in the World History AP exam is the objective of the 12th grade World History class. The rise of the European Union, Russia, China, India and Japan comes under scrutiny as students endeavor to explain the world order of the 21st century. Students will be able to compare and contrast, as well as pinpoint particular weaknesses and merits of, movements such as Socialism, Fascism, Capitalism, Federalism and Nationalism. In-class lectures by the students, with technology at their finger-tips, will add to their presentation skills and confidence in preparation for their college years.

** Science**

**Grade 7**

This course, which is aligned with the Ministry of Education guidelines, exposes students to topics in Health Science as well as General Science and prepares them to sit the Bahamas Junior Certificate (BJC) examination. It explores topics such as characteristics of living things, classification of living things, flowering plants, energy and work, nutrition, the body, body systems, introduction to matter, separation of mixtures, and nitrogen cycles.

In the first term, we explored characteristics of living things, classification, flowering plants, and nutrition. In the second term, students were introduced to matter, separation of mixture and the water cycle.

In the third term, we will explore acid and bases, nitrogen cycle, energy and work, machines, magnetism, skeletal system, muscle system and teeth.

**Grade 8**

This course, which is aligned with the Ministry of Education guidelines, builds on the foundation laid in grade 7 to prepare the students to sit the Bahamas Junior Certificate (BJC) examination and further study in grade 9.

So far we have explored topics such as nitrogen cycle, forces and machines, magnetism, electricity, respiratory system, reproductive system, digestive system, and pollution.

We are now exploring sound then we will move on to technology, light, heat and temperature, endocrine, nervous, circulatory and excretory systems.

**Grade 9**

The primary objective of this course is to provide students with a fundamental understanding of biology and scientific processes, building a foundation for success in the college level AP courses to follow.

So far, we have explored Ecology and the environment, Chemistry and Biochemistry of organisms. We are now exploring Cell structure and function, then we will move on to Cellular processes.

In the Ecology and the Environment unit, we explored relationships and interactions between organisms and each other as well as their environment. In the Chemistry unit, we delved into the basic unit of matter: the atom. We examined its structure - protons, neutrons, and electrons and studied the types of bonds they can form. Biochemistry of organisms challenged us to consider the structure and function of the major organic molecules found in living systems: Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, Nucleic Acids.

We are now studying cell structure and functions and discovering how these microscopic structures perform critical tasks in our body; for example, plasma membrane forms a protective barrier around cells and regulates what enters and leaves them while ribosomes build protein.

When we explore cellular processes in the last term, we will gain an understanding of how cells obtain and use energy by examining photosynthesis and respiration.

**Technology **

**Grade 9**

The Grade 9 Technology course will focus on advanced Microsoft Excel. Students will learn how to create complex formulas, how to work with charts and how to create PivotTables. This course also provides an introduction to Computer Science Algorithms. It covers searching, sorting, recursion, and graph theory. The last topic of Technology in grade 9 is JavaScript. Students learn how to use the JavaScript language and the ProcessingJS library to create fun drawings and animations.

> Students learn about relative and absolute cell references and complex functions.

> Students will learn the basics of creating and manipulating PivotTables.

> Students learn what algorithms are and they learn about binary search and graph theory.

> Students will learn the basics of programming and how to draw and work with JavaScript.

**UPDATE**

The students finished the topic of Excel in grade 8. They learned how to organize and calculate data in Excel and to visualize their results.

In grade 9, after we learned about the history of computers, different computer terms and computer communication, we started computer programming with JavaScript. The students learned the basics of JavaScript. They know how to draw shapes and how to create animations with JavaScript.

In the next weeks we will focus on reviewing PowerPoint and Excel before we start to use JavaScript in a real environment. We will use a platform where Students write code and see their changes update in real-time.

In grade 10 we will focus on Computer Science.

**Grade 10**

The Grade 10 Technology course introduces students to computer programming. Students will plan and write simple computer programs by applying fundamental programming concepts, and learn to create clear and maintainable internal documentation. They will also learn to manage a computer by studying hardware configurations, software selection, operating system functions, networking, and safe computing practices. Students will also investigate the social impact of computer technologies, and develop an understanding of environmental and ethical issues related to the use of computers.

> Students describe the functions of different types of hardware components, and assess the hardware needs of users.

> Students describe the different types of software products, and assess the software needs of users.

> Students use the basic functions of an operating system correctly.

> Students demonstrate an understanding of home computer networking concepts.

> Students explain the importance of software updates and system maintenance to manage the performance and increase the security of a computer.

**Grade 11**

The Grade 11 Technology course introduces students to computer science. Students will design software independently and as part of a team, using industry-standard programming tools and applying the software development life-cycle model. They will also write and use subprograms within computer programs. Students will develop creative solutions for various types of problems as their understanding emerging research in computer science, and global career trends in computer-related fields.

> Students demonstrate the ability to use different data types, including one-dimensional arrays, in computer programs.

> Students demonstrate the ability to use control structures and simple algorithms in computer programs.

> Students demonstrate the ability to use subprograms within computer programs.

> Students use proper code maintenance techniques and conventions when creating computer programs.

**Grade 12**

The Grade 12 Technology course enables students to further develop knowledge and skills in computer science. Students will use modular design principles to create complex and fully documented programs, according to industry standards. Student teams will manage a large software development project, from planning through to project review. Students will also analyze algorithms for effectiveness. They will investigate ethical issues in computing and further explore environmental issues, emerging technologies, areas of research in computer science, and careers in the field.

> Students demonstrate the ability to use different data types and expressions when creating computer programs.

> Students describe and use modular programming concepts and principles in the creation of computer programs.

> Students design and write algorithms and subprograms to solve a variety of problems.

> Students use proper code maintenance techniques when creating computer programs.

**Language in Action **

Our language programs are geared towards developing bi/trilingual speakers and thinkers through programs that promote linguistic competence.

**English as a Second Language (ESL)**

Our English as a Second Language program introduces students to the English language with stories, the English alphabet, and an abundance of total physical response activities.

While English speakers attend Spanish or French classes the ESL students work with specialized teachers to acquire the language and develop a vocabulary that will give them the confidence to communicate in English.

**Spanish**

The Spanish program is designed to develop competency in and cultural appreciation for the Spanish language. Our curriculum works in conjunction with The Diplomas DELE- official qualifications certifying the degree of competence and mastery of Spanish, granted by Instituto Cervantes on behalf of The Ministry of Education of Spain. www.dele.cervantes.es/en

Daily lessons and activities work towards preparing students for DELE certification-examinations can be sat as early as Grade 6. Field trips and outside excursions with the local Hispanic community provide students with the opportunity to apply classroom learning to real life situations.

Upon completion of the highest diploma level, students are qualified to sit The Advanced Placement (AP) Spanish Language And Culture exam.

**French**

The French program, just like the Spanish, is designed to build fluency and linguistic intelligence. The curriculum works in conjunction with DELF diplomas- awarded by the French Ministry of Education to prove the French-language skills of non-French candidates. www.ciep.fr/delf-dalf

The diplomas correspond to the required levels of the Council of Europe' s Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFRL).

As in the case of Spanish, daily French classes prepare students for DELF certification. Field trips and specialized activities/events supplement the curriculum.

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